The thyroid gland is one the essential organs in the body which belongs to the endocrine system. It is the gland that takes control of the use of energy in the body, production of proteins, and the rate of metabolism. The thyroid produces something called thyroid hormone. Its functions affect the body’s growth and development.
The Two major thyroid problems are hyperthyroid and hypothyroid. An autoimmune disease known as Hashimoto’s disease or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is a disease that can cause episodes of hyperthyroid and hypothyroid. This article will focus on hyperthyroidism and its effects on the body.
Hyperthyroid is a condition where the thyroid produces too much of the thyroid hormone. As is well known, anything in excess is not right, and this situation is no different. This condition is when the thyroid gland is too active to be good for the body.
Cause of Hyperthyroid In the Human Body
The main Hyperthyroid Cause is Graves’ disease. Excessive iodine intake can also cause an overactive thyroid. While iodine is needed for the thyroid gland to produce the thyroid hormone, too much iodine can lead to overproduction of the hormone which can lead to a hormonal imbalance that is in no way good for the body.
Some Other Cause of Hyperthyroid in the Body
• Excessive intake of iodine in food
• Poor food habits or overeating of unhealthy and processed foods.
• Thyroiditis – Inflammation of the thyroid gland leading to increased release of hormones.
• Thyroid nodules – Appearance of small nodules in the thyroid gland that may lead to increased secretion of hormones.
• Graves’ disease- an autoimmune disease in which the body’s natural immune system attacks the thyroid gland forcing it to release more hormones.
• Physical or Emotional Stress – Antibodies produced by the body can stimulate the thyroid gland to produce more hormones.
• Ovary or Testis tumors
• Secretion of TSH abnormally
Symptoms of Hyperthyroid Include
A hyperthyroid patient observed several signs and symptoms. As the degree of hyperthyroid increases, the complication and symptom of the problem become more apparent. Often it is referred to an increase in metabolism of the body. The most common symptom of hyperthyroid involves:
• Weight changes, specifically weight loss
• Hair falling out
• Frequent bowel movements
• Muscle weakness
• Feelings of nervousness
• Intolerance to heat
• Lack of sleep or insomnia
• Some of the common hyperthyroid symptoms and signs are:
• Muscle weakness
• Heat intolerance
• Increased bowel movements
• Light or absent menstrual periods
• Staring gaze
• Fast heart rate
• Weight loss
• Trembling hands
• Hair loss
• Warm moist skin